Monday, 20 August 2012

Panchalinga waterfalls Tiruppur Tamil Nadu

Panchalinga waterfalls located just 3 km from Thirumoorthy Temple and 18 km from Udumalaipettai. It is cool place and well known for meditation, waterfalls, temple and dam. It is situated on the highway from the pilgrim centre Palani to Coimbatore.
Panchalinga waterfalls Tiruppur Tamil Nadu
 The Thirumoorthi temple or the Sri Amanalingeswarar temple is at the foot of the hill adjacent to Thirumoorthi dam. The falls with a perennial is a famous picnic spot here. One can also enjoy a nice trekking experience of nearly 2km on the way to waterfalls. 
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Amaravathi Dam Tiruppur Tamil Nadu

Amaravathi Dam at Amaravathinagar, 25 km south on NH 17 from Udumalpet, is located in Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary in Tiruppur district, Tamil Nadu, India. The 9.31 km², 33.53 m deep Amaravathi Reservoir was created by this steep dam. It was built primarily for irrigation and flood control and now also has 4 megawatts of electric generating capacity installed. 
Amaravathi Dam Tiruppur Tamil Nadu
It is notable for the significant population of Mugger Crocodiles living in its reservoir and catchment's basin. There is a well laid-out park where one may climb steep steps on the dam to have a picturesque view north of the plains below and south to the Anaimalai Hills and Palani Hills above. This place is being developed as a District Excursion Centre for tourism.
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Thirumoorthi Hill Temple Tiruppur Tamil Nadu


Thirumoorthy Temple  Tiruppur Tamil Nadu is situated at the foot of the Thirumoorthy hills adjoining the Thirumoorthy dam. The scenic beauty of the Anamalai hill range of Western Ghats, includes the cascading water to the Thirumoorthy reservoir from the Panchalingam Falls. A perennial stream flows by the side of the Sri Amalingeswarar temple. The presiding deity is called Amalingeshwara.It is believed that a few thousand years ago Athari Maharishi along with his wife Anushiya devi lived here. Moved by their prayer, Lord Shiva together with Brammah and Vishnu (Thiru Moorthigal) came in disguise to test their devotion. Overwhelmed by their appearance the couple offered them tribute. The Thiru Moorthigal refused to accept their offerings as such and demanded that the offering should be made by Anushiya devi in nudity. She accepted their demand and with her power of devotion she changed the Thiru Moorthi's into 3 years old babies and fed them. On seeing the power of devoting Anushiya devi, the Thiru Moorthi's blessed the couple and hence the place is known as Thiru Moorthi hills. It is an old temple with beautiful setting and some rare sculptures with a spacious front hall.

Thirumoorthi Hill Temple Tiruppur
It is also believed that Jain priests or Samanar lived in the hills when Jainism flourished in Tamil Nadu. The huge rock which is worshiped as Thirumoorthy has a sculpture of a Jain priest. A popular belief is that this rock rolled down from the hills few centuries back during a flood. This is supported by the fact that sculpture is carved upside down on rock top.This is about 20 km from Udumalaipettai.

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Avinashi Siva Temple Tiruppur Tamil Nadu


Avinashi is a small town situated near Tirupur in Tamil Nadu. The town is famous for the Shiva temple constructed by Sundarapandiya is closely associated with the great Saiva saint Sundaramoorthy Nayanar.Avinashi is located on the arterial road connecting the major industrial & textile cities of Erode and Coimbatore. Avinashi was a part of Coimbatore district and when Tirupur was carved as a new district from Coimbatore, Avinashi was added to the new district . It is a major halt place for the vehicles bounding to Chennai and Cochin from the western Tamil Nadu. Avinashi is a Taluk headquarter and the Headquarter for Avinashi Panchayat union.If Palladam is the gateway for Coimbatore from the Southern Tamil Nadu, Avinashi is the gateway for Coimbatore from the Northern parts of Tamil Nadu

This is one of the seven Shivastalams in Kongu Nadu; however this temple is better known as Karunaiyaaththaal temple. Avinashi is also referred to in inscriptions as Dakshina Varanasi, Tiruppukkozhiyur etc. Tirumular's Tirumantiram, Arunagirinathar's Tiruppugazh & Manikkavacakar's Tiruvacakam refer to this shrine. This temple is regarded as the first of the seven Thevara Stalams in the Kongu Region of Tamil Nadu.Inscriptions here reveal that the Cholas, Pandyas and the Hoysalas have made extensive endowments to the temples
Avinashi Siva Temple Tiruppur Tamil Nadu
Sundaramoorthy Nayanar on his way to meet Cheramaan Peruman, Nayanar happened to visit Avinashi. As he was passing through one of the streets, he heard two discordant notes coming from opposite houses, one echoing joy and another sorrow. The puzzled saint understood the cause for the strange phenomenon.  Two boys of the same age went to bathe in a tank from which emerged a crocodile and devoured one of them. There was being celebrated the "Upanayanam" (Thread ceremony) of the surviving boy, now 8 years old. Hence there was joy and mirth in the house. While the other people were unable to bear their sorrow.Had their boy been alive, they too would be celebrating his "Upanayanam". Intensely moved by this, Sundaramoorthy Nayanar poured out of soulful song, praying to Lord Shiva to resurrect the dead child. His prayer was answered .The empty tank started surging with water from which emerged the crocodile and ejected the child as a fully grown boy of eight years

Ambal's sanctum is to the right of Avinasiappar's sanctum, unlike that in most temples. The Kasi Gangai Theertham—in the form of a well is considered to be of significance. The Kaalabhairavar shrine in this temple is held in reverence. Kaala Bhairavar is worshipped here with offerings of Vadai Maalai.Festival
The car festival is the most exciting of the festivals in this temple. This temple's car is second biggest in SouthIndia and is noted for its fine wooden carvings. Since the old car was destroyed by fire in 90's, it has been rebuilt. The annual Bhrammotsavam is celebrated in the month of Chittirai. Apart from Temple car festival, 63(Arubathi moovar Ula) is one of the notable festival in this temple. The festival chariot here is said to be on par with Tiruvarur.
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Manjolai Hill Station Tirunelveli Tamil Nadu

Manjolai  Hill Station Tirunelveli Tamil Nadu is 57  km away from Tirunelveli and is at an elevation of 1162 sq. metre.  There are many tea plantations in and around this place.  Bombay Burma Tea estate is famous one in this area.  About 4000 people are working in these tea plantations.  Manjolai is noteworthy for the climate, scenery and calm atmosphere.  
Manjolai Hill Station Tirunelveli Tamil Nadu
Manjolai Hill Station place can easily be compared with Udhagamandalam, the queen of Hill stations as far as the pleasing climate and peaceful natural atmosphere are concerned. Just above Manjolai, there are places like Kakkachi and Nalumukka which are real gifts of the nature. On the way to Manjolai from Manimuthar there is a very beautiful place called Dasan Pool with plenty of fresh water, greens and fine climate.
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Courtallam Health Resort Tirunelveli Tamil Nadu


Courtallam is an excellent health resort.  The picturesque surroundings with the backdrops of cloud capped spurs of the western ghats lend an unusual charm to the falls. The rapturous scene of the falls gets heightened by the cool breeze that wafts during seasonal months (June to September) along with intermittent drizzle and sunlight. There are eight places where water pours down torrentially with varying velocity and force according to the height of the precipice. They are Main Falls, Five Falls, the Shenbhaga Falls, the Tiger Falls, old Courtallam Falls, Honey Falls, Orchard falls and Sitraruvi. 
Courtallam Health Resort Tirunelveli Tamil Nadu
Visitors to this place like to have bath in these falls from dawn to dusk. One can have bath at anytime in a day and one would not get sneezing or cold as the water is said to possess medicinal qualities of the herbal plants grown in this mountain. Those suffering from rheumatic joints, chronic headache, nerve disorder get cured by a lengthy stay at Courtallam.  
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Koonthankulam Birds Sanctuary Tirunelveli Tamil Nadu


Koonthankulam Bird Sanctuary Tirunelveli Tamil Nadu is a 1.2933 km2 (0.4993 sq mi) protected area declared as a sanctuary in 1994. It adjoins the tiny village of Koonthankulam in Nanguneri Taluk of Tirunelveli district, Tamil Nadu, India. It is just 38 km away from Tirunelveli (a bustling town on the banks of the Tambaraparani River). 8.58102°N 77.76123°E It is composed of Koonthankulam and Kadankulam irrigation tanks, conveniently linked by tar road.  Koonthankulam Birds Sanctuary  is the largest reserve for breeding water birds in South India. International name: Kunthangulam Bird Sanctuary.
 Koonthankulam Birds Sanctuary Tirunelveli Tamil Nadu
It may soon be catapulted into the list of popular water bird sanctuaries in the country. This village is sparsely populated. Migratory birds start coming by December end and fly away to their northern homes by June or July after they lay eggs, hatch them and the young ones grow old enough to fly with the older ones. About 35 species of birds visit this calm but congenial village for breeding.The birds called Painted strokes are coming from North India and East European Countries to this place. Similarly the flamingoes which flew in mainly from the Rann of Kutch have hatched and reared their young ones in the village.

Fauna
Bar-headed Goose, Common Sandpiper, Common Teal, Coot Central, Green Sandpiper,Greater flamingo Partially ,Pallavan, Pintail,Spotted ,     Sandpiper, White stork
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Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve Wild Life sancturies Tirunelveli Tamil Nadu


Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve   situated in the Southern Western Ghats in Tirunelveli district and Kanyakumari District, in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu,Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve is the second largest protected area in Tamil Nadu State.Location is between latitude 8° 25’ and 8° 53’ N and longitude 77° 10’ and 77° 35’ E. This is about 45 km west of Tirunelveli Town.

The Reserve forms the catchment area for 14 rivers and streams. Among them the Ganga, Tambraparani, Ramanadi, Karayar, Servalar, Manimuthar, Pachayar, Kodaiyar, Kadnar, Kallar form the back-bone of the irrigation network and drinking water for people of Tirunelveli, Turicorin and part of Kanyakumari district. Sever major dams - Karaiyar, Lower Dam, Servalar, Manimuthar, Ramanadi, Kadnanadi and Kodaiyar - owe their existence to these rivers.
 Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve Wild Life sancturies Tirunelveli Tamil Nadu
Fauna
 Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve Sanctuary fauna   include Tiger, Elephant, Gaur, Mouse deer, Leopard, Rusty spotted cat, Brown palm civet, Leopard, Sambhar, Spotted deer, Malabar giant squirrel, Nilgiri Langur, Bonnet Macaque, Slender Loris, Lion tailed Macaque, Sloth Bear, Brown mongoose, Nilgiri Martin, Indian pangolin , Ceylon mouth frog, Grey headed bulbul, Great Pied hornbill, Great Indian Hornbill, Malabar Grey hornbill, Oriental bay owl, Broad tailed Grass warbler,King Cobra, Python, Monitor Lizard, Flying Lizard, Pit viper etc.

Flora
There are three main types of forest in the sanctuary Hopea parviflora, Hopea utilis, Calophylum elatum, Cullenia resaraona, Artocarpus hirsuta, Syzygium sp., Cinnamum zeylancium, Macaranga roxburghii, Mesua ferrea, Gluta travancorica, Canarium strictum, Vateria malabaraica, Myristica species, Vitex altimassima, Dysoxylim malabrium, Anacolosa densiflora, Cullenia exasillata, Cullenia exelsa, Elaeodendron glacum, Eleogarpus tuberculatus, Alstonia scholaris, Mangifera indica, Decussocarpus Wallichianus, Podocarpus latifolia, Eugenia species, Garcinia cambogia, Xanthophyllum flavescens, Felicium decipiens, Mallotus philippensis, Litsea species, Dalbergia latifolia, Kingiodendron pinnatum, Wrightia tinctoria, chloroxylon swietenia, Pterocarpus marsupium, Anogeissus latifolia, Careya arborea, Emblica officinalis, Dalbergia paniculata, Albizia lebeck, Tectona grandis, Ficus spp., Phyllanthus emblica, Hardwickia binata, Terminalia spp.
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Vallanadu Blackbuck Sanctuary Thoothukudi Tamil Nadu

Vallanadu Wildlife Sanctuary Thoothukudi Tamil Nadu is a protected area of Tamil Nadu in South India created for the protection of Blackbuck Antelope. Located on an isolated hillock in Vallanadu Village of Srivaikundam Taluk, it is the southernmost place in India where a natural population of Blackbuck exists.
Vallanadu Blackbuck Sanctuary Thoothukudi Tamil Nadu
Flora
There are three main types of forest in the sanctuary a South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forest. The thorny hardwood and xerophytes: Dalbergia multiflora, Dichrostachys cinerea, Acacia latronum, Acacia planifrons, Albizia amara, Zizyphus sp. and a few Azadirachta indica, Dodonia viscosa, Carissa carandus, Pterolobium indicum and Euphorbia Acalypha fruticosa, Ocimum sanctum, species form the under growth.

Fauna
Vallanadu Blackbuck Sanctuary fauna   includes Black buck, Spotted deer, macaques, Jungle cat, Monkeys, Wild cat, Mongoose, Black naped Hare, Scaly Ant eater- Pangolin, Viper and Rat snake live here.Peacock, Heron, Stork, Grey partridges, Jungle Craws, Common quails, Pied crested Cuckoo, Crested-hawk Eagle, Black-winged Kite, Curlew, Lapwing, Nightjar, Sparrows, Horned owl, and nearly 100 other species of birds are found in the area.

Location -Thoothukudi District
Nearest airport Madurai – 165 kms away
Nearest Railway station -Tirunelveli Junction – 20 km away
Best season - Throughout the year
Accommodation - Hotels at Tirunelveli
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Vaigai Dam Theni Tamil Nadu

Vaigai Dam Theni Tamil Nadu Built across the majestic River Vaigai near Andipatti,Vaigai Dam with a height of 111 feet can store 71 feet of water. It is 7 kms from Andipatti, 14 kms from Theni and 70 kms from Madurai. Vaigai dam was opened on January 21, 1959.The dam is unique for the sylvan garden around it.
Vaigai Dam Theni Tamil Nadu
It provides water for irrigation for the Madurai district and the Dindigul district as well as drinking water to Madurai and Andipatti. Near the dam, the Government of Tamil Nadu has constructed an Agricultural Research Station for researching the growing of a variety of crops, including rice, sorghum, blackgram, cowpea and cotton. The stillness and quiet are soothing to the mind. The garden deserves the surname "Little Brindavan". It is a popular picnic spot for the local population, particularly school children. There is a separate play area for the Tourist.
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Brahadeewarar Temple Thanjavur Tamil Nadu


Bragadeeswarar Temple  at Thanjavur in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu,  Bragadeeswarar Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Shiva and a brilliant example of the major heights achieved by Cholas in Tamil architecture. It is a tribute and a reflection of the power of its patron Raja Raja Chola I. It remains India's largest temple and is one of the greatest glories of Indian architecture.Brahadeewarar Temple  temple is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site "Great Living Chola Temples".This temple is one of India's most prized architectural sites
Brahadeewarar Temple Thanjavur Tamil Nadu

The 64. 8 Mt. tall vimanam (tower over the sanctum sanctorum) is testimony to the engineering skill of the Cholas. In keeping with the size of the temple, it has gigantic “Mahalingam” in the shrine, measuring 4 meters in height. A monolithic Nandhi chiseled out of a single rock, measures 5. 94 meters in length, 2.51 metres in breadth and 3.66 meters in height. it is the second largest Nandhi in India. The Nandhi or bull is the vehicle of Lord Siva. Beautiful Chola fresco paintings adorn the inner walls of the Temple. One of the outstanding temples in South India, the Brahadeeshwarar temple is the  Chola dynast’s finest contribution to Dravidian temple architecture
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Mukurthi National Park Nilgiris District Tamil Nadu

Mukurthi National Park (MNP) is a 78.46 km² protected area located in the western corner of the Nilgiris Plateau west of Ootacamund hill station in the northwest corner of Tamil Nadu state in the Western Ghats mountain range of South India. The park was created to protect its Keystone species, the Nilgiri Tahr.The park is a part of Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, India's first International Biosphere Reserve. The Western Ghats, Nilgiri Sub-Cluster (6,000+ km²), including all of Mukurthi National Park, is under consideration by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee for selection as a World Heritage Site.The park is characterized by Montane grasslands and shrublands interspersed with sholas in a high altitude area of high rainfall, near-freezing temperatures and high winds. It is home to an array of endangered wildlife, including Royal Bengal Tiger and Asian Elephant, but its main mammal attraction is the Nilgiri Thar  The park was previously known as Nilgiri Tahr National Park.
Mukurthi National Park Nilgiris District Tamil Nadu
Fauna
Mukurthi  National park  fauna   includes  Indian elephant, Bengal Tiger, Nilgiri Marten, Nilgiri langur and Bonhote's Mouse.  Leopard, Bonnet macaque, Sambar deer, Barking deer, Mouse Deer, Otter, Jungle cat, Small Indian Civet, Wild dog, Jackal, Black-naped Hare, Shrew, Malabar Spiny Dormouse and Soft-furred Rat.
Avifauna consists mostly of hill birds including the threatened Laughingthrush, Whistling Thrush, Woodcock, Wood Pigeon, Black-and-orange Flycatcher, Nilgiri Flycatcher, Grey Headed Flycatcher Black Bulbul, White-eye, Nilgiri Pipit. The predatory Black-winged Kite, Kestrel and Black Eagle may be seen in the grasslands.

Flora
There are three main types of forest in Mukurthi National Park sanctuary Syzygium calophyllifolium, Daphiphyllum neilgherrense, Cinnamomum wightii, Vaccinium leschenaulti, Mahonia leschenaulti, Litsea sp., Lasianthes sp., Psychotria sp. and Michelia nilagirica.The Orchids Eria abliflora, Oberonia santapaui, Aerides ringens, Aerides crispa and Coelogyne odoratissima are found on the high west edge of the park. Among the grasslands are a plethora of Brachycorithis iantha, Satyrium nepalense, Habenaria cephalotes, Seidenfia densiflora, Spiranthes sinensis and Liparis atropurpurea

Location -Mukurthi  National park  is located in the high altitudes of the Nilgiris Mountains. The landscape is extremely picturesque. This forms part of the Nilgiris biosphere reserve.  From Udhagamandalam there are four different entry points to reach this sanctuary.
Nearest airport - Coimbatore – 140 kms.
Nearest Railway station Udhagamandalam – 45kms.
Best season - February to May, September to November
Accommodation - Forest Rest House at Avalanche, Pykara and trekking sheds.
Other facilities  - Mainly for the tourist interested in adventure, trek routes have been formed for trekking and camping.  


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Mudumalai National park Nilgiris District Tamil Nadu


The Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Nilgiri Hills, at a point where the Western Ghats meet the Eastern Ghats.his sanctuary has a mix of flat land, undulating parkland, open grassland, swamp, valleys and nullahs. The Mayyar River forms a series of spectacular cascades on its 65 kms route on the Udhagamandalam-Mysore highway. This sanctuary can be reached from Mysore too. The 321 sq kms area of the sanctuary encompasses a National Park measuring 103 sq kms. The vegetation here is varied. The hilly terrain of the Western Ghats, clothed in dense mixed and moist deciduous forests, make Mudumalai a most attractive wildlife reserve. 
Mudumalai National park Nilgiris District Tamil Nadu
Flora
 This type of forest remains green in all seasons. The plant species found here includes: Mangifera indica, Pongamia glabra, Terminalia arjuna, Syzygium cumini, Indian rosewood Dalbergia latifolia and the bamboos. This sanctuary is home to several species of wild relatives of cultivated plants including wild rice, wild ginger, turmeric, Cinnamon, Solanum, Guava, mango and pepper that act as a reserve gene pool for the cultivated plants.In certain places mixed vegetation types are present. The deciduous trees shed their green leaves during the summer, and adopt a floral garb while the arrival of the monsoons hails fruits and tender greens

Fauna
Mudumalai  National park  fauna   includes Elephant, Gaur, Bonnet, Macaque, Common langur, Tigers and Leopards, Chital, Panther, Sloth Bear, Python, Barking deer, Four-Horned Antelope, Otter, Crocodile, Giant flying squirrel, Sambhar, Hyena, Wild Dog, Wild Boar, Mouse Deer, Spotted Deer, Jackal, Hare, Porcupine and Mongoose.

Location - the Nilgiris district 65 kms from Ootacamund on the Ooty- Mysore Road.
Nearest airport - Coimbatore – 160 kms away.
Nearest  Railway station - Udhagamandalam – 64 kms away. Mysore – 95 kms away .
Best season - Throughout the year (Except June to August)
Accommodation :- Forest Rest Houses at Abhayaranyam, Kargudi, Masinagudi, and Teppakadu.          Catering arrangements are provided.
Other facilities - Motor Vehicles and riding elephants available hire.
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Bhavanisagar Dam Erode District Tamil Nadu



Bhavanisagar Dam Erode District Tamil Nadu    
The Bhavanisagar Dam and Reservoir, also called Lower Bhavani Dam, is located on the Bhavani River between Mettupalayam and Sathyamangalam in Erode District, Tamil Nadu, South India. The dam is situated some 16 km (9.9 mi) west to Satyamangalam and 35 km (22 mi) from Gobichettipalayam, 36 km (22 mi) north-east to Mettuppalayam and 70 km (43 mi) from Erode and 75 km (47 mi) from Coimbatore.
The dam is considered to be among the biggest earthen dams in the country. Bhavani Sagar dam is constructed on Bhavani River, which is merely under the union of Moyar River. The dam is used to divert water to the Lower Bhavani Project Canal.There is a garden in front of this dam, which makes it a good picnic spot in this area. There are a few things that children could play with (like swings, etc.) and there is also a small closed channel of water for boating, shown in the below picture. A nice picnic spot for spending half a day.
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Centenary Rose Park Nilgiris District Tamil Nadu

Centenary Rose Park Nilgiris District Tamil Nadu is Situated in the heart of Ooty town, this garden has been beautifully laid out in terraces with rose tunnels, pergolas and bowers with rose creepers. To commemorate  the  centenary Flower   Show,   the  Rose   Park  was  established  at  Vijayanagaram in Udhagamandalam  covering  an  area  of   4  hectares   in  five  terraces.  

Centenary Rose Park Nilgiris District Tamil Nadu
Today this garden has the largest collections of roses in the country   like  Hybrid Tea Roses, miniature rose, Floribunda, Ramblers, roses of unusual colours like black and green are some of the more than 3,000 varieties of roses that will captivate your senses. The   Rose  Garden  is  situated  in  slopes  of  the  Elk  Hill.   The   rose  varieties   planted   in  this  park were  assembled  from  different sources.    The  'Nila  Maadam'  is  located in  a   spot   from   where  viewers   can   see   the   entire   rose   garden.  This  garden  is  maintained  by  Tamil  Nadu   Horticulture   Department.  
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