Monday, 20 August 2012

Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve Wild Life sancturies Tirunelveli Tamil Nadu


Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve   situated in the Southern Western Ghats in Tirunelveli district and Kanyakumari District, in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu,Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve is the second largest protected area in Tamil Nadu State.Location is between latitude 8° 25’ and 8° 53’ N and longitude 77° 10’ and 77° 35’ E. This is about 45 km west of Tirunelveli Town.

The Reserve forms the catchment area for 14 rivers and streams. Among them the Ganga, Tambraparani, Ramanadi, Karayar, Servalar, Manimuthar, Pachayar, Kodaiyar, Kadnar, Kallar form the back-bone of the irrigation network and drinking water for people of Tirunelveli, Turicorin and part of Kanyakumari district. Sever major dams - Karaiyar, Lower Dam, Servalar, Manimuthar, Ramanadi, Kadnanadi and Kodaiyar - owe their existence to these rivers.
 Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve Wild Life sancturies Tirunelveli Tamil Nadu
Fauna
 Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve Sanctuary fauna   include Tiger, Elephant, Gaur, Mouse deer, Leopard, Rusty spotted cat, Brown palm civet, Leopard, Sambhar, Spotted deer, Malabar giant squirrel, Nilgiri Langur, Bonnet Macaque, Slender Loris, Lion tailed Macaque, Sloth Bear, Brown mongoose, Nilgiri Martin, Indian pangolin , Ceylon mouth frog, Grey headed bulbul, Great Pied hornbill, Great Indian Hornbill, Malabar Grey hornbill, Oriental bay owl, Broad tailed Grass warbler,King Cobra, Python, Monitor Lizard, Flying Lizard, Pit viper etc.

Flora
There are three main types of forest in the sanctuary Hopea parviflora, Hopea utilis, Calophylum elatum, Cullenia resaraona, Artocarpus hirsuta, Syzygium sp., Cinnamum zeylancium, Macaranga roxburghii, Mesua ferrea, Gluta travancorica, Canarium strictum, Vateria malabaraica, Myristica species, Vitex altimassima, Dysoxylim malabrium, Anacolosa densiflora, Cullenia exasillata, Cullenia exelsa, Elaeodendron glacum, Eleogarpus tuberculatus, Alstonia scholaris, Mangifera indica, Decussocarpus Wallichianus, Podocarpus latifolia, Eugenia species, Garcinia cambogia, Xanthophyllum flavescens, Felicium decipiens, Mallotus philippensis, Litsea species, Dalbergia latifolia, Kingiodendron pinnatum, Wrightia tinctoria, chloroxylon swietenia, Pterocarpus marsupium, Anogeissus latifolia, Careya arborea, Emblica officinalis, Dalbergia paniculata, Albizia lebeck, Tectona grandis, Ficus spp., Phyllanthus emblica, Hardwickia binata, Terminalia spp.
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